A political party is a group of voters organized to support certain public policies. The aim of a political party is to elect officials who will try to carry out the party’s policies.
When group of people organised to acquire and exercise political power is known as political party. In their modern form political parties are originated in Europe and the United States in the 19th century, along with electoral and parliamentary systems.
Let us tell you that India has very diverse multi party political system. As on April 13, 2018 there are three types of political parties in India i.e. national parties (7), state recognized party (24) and registered unrecognized parties (2044). All the political parties which wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI).
A recognized party enjoys privileges like reserved party symbol, free broadcast time on state run television and radio in the favour of party. Election commission asks to these national parties regarding the date of elections and receives inputs for the conduct of free and fair polls.
A political party offers candidates for public office. It sets out positions on issues that may range from war and taxes to how children should be educated. When people in a democracy disagree about what the government should do, voters express their opinions by voting for the candidates that most closely reflect their views. Political parties provide a way for voters to easily identify a candidate’s positions.
Political parties may be large or small, national or local. Large political parties generally have millions of members and supporters. In democratic election campaigns, parties compete freely for votes. Such competition is one of the hallmarks of democracy.